1. WHAT IS A FREIGHT CLAIM?
A claim is a demand in writing for a specific or determinable amount of money
which contains sufficient information to identify the shipment received by the
carrier within time limits specified in the Bill of Lading contract.
2. WHEN AND WHERE TO FILE A FREIGHT CLAIM
Claims should be filed promptly once loss or damage is discovered. The
time limit for filing a lost or damage claim is nine (9) months from date of
delivery, or in the event of nondelivery within nine (9) months after a
reasonable time for delivery has elapsed. Limitations differ on shipments
originating in Canada.
3. A CLAIMANT MAY BE A:
Shipper, Consignee, Owner of goods. Be sure to clearly indicate on the
claim form the name and complete address of the claimant. Include a telephone
number and FAX number (if available) to assist in prompt conclusion of the
A. BILL OF LADING AND/OR DELIVERY RECEIPT
Depending on which party is filing, the Bill of Lading and/or Delivery Receipt
should be submitted to provide proof of shipment and /or proof of loss or
B. PAID FREIGHT BILL
Include the original paid freightbill or a signed statement verifying freight
charges have been paid in full of the shipment against which the claim is
filed. For a claim to be concluded, all freight charges must be paid.
C. ORIGINAL INVOICE
A complete original invoice verifies the claimed amount does not exceed the
terms of sale (value of goods at destination) and excludes any prospective
profit, in most cases. The original must disclose all discounts and allowances,
if any. A clear photocopy of the complete original invoice is acceptable.
D. REPAIR INVOICE
(If applicable) When submitting a repair invoice, include a breakdown of hours,
labor rate and materials.
E. WEIGHT OF CLAIMED GOODS
When filing a cargo claim for a partial damage and/or loss the weight of the
affected cargo is required.
5. CONCEALED LOSS OR DAMAGE
Loss or damage to contents of a shipping container, which could not have been noted at time of delivery,
must be reported to Central Transport by calling 1 (800) 423-6872 or in person within five (5) calendar days
from date of delivery. A request for inspection should be made at that time. The notice of loss or damage must
be confirmed as a written or electronic communication. All merchandise should be retained in the original shipping
container, in the same condition it was in when loss or damage was discovered, until inspected.
6. INSPECTION BY AN INDEPENDENT AGENT
Central Transport requires an inspection for damage claims over $500. A
customer inspection may be submitted for claims between $500 and $5,000. If
sufficient information isn’t furnished in a customer inspection, a joint third
party inspection still may be necessary. A joint third party inspection is
required for all claims over $5,000.
To arrange a joint third party inspection (over $5,000) complete and submit the
top portion of the inspection form via the email address or fax below prior to
filing your claim. Once the joint third party inspection is performed, attach a
copy of the inspector’s report with your claim submission.
For customer inspections ($500-$5,000), complete the top and bottom portions of
the inspection form. Attach the requested support pictures and documents and
include with your claim file. Freight inspections will contact you if the
customer inspection isn’t sufficient and a joint third party inspection is
required to process a claim.
Direct freight inspection correspondence to
email@example.com or fax (586) 819-0023.
7. BURDENS OF PROOF
The claimant must establish three things:
A. The carrier received the freight in good condition at origin.
B. The freight was short or damaged when received at destination.
C. The dollar amount of loss or damage.
8. THE FREIGHT BILL
Payment of freight charges may not be delayed due to alleged loss or
damage. Charges should be paid in full and the portion applicable to lost or
damaged items included in the freight claim. The following are important points
A. Claims and payment of freight charges are two entirely different transactions.
B. Without payment of the freight charges, the transportation
contract has not been completed.
A valid claim will not be paid until freight
charges are paid.
9. DISPOSITION OF DAMAGED FREIGHT
Damaged goods must be retained until the claim is resolved, or until
the claimant is given disposition by the carrier.
10. STATUS OF CLAIM
The majority of claims are concluded within sixty (60) calendar days.
All claims will be acknowledged within thirty (30) days of receipt.
11. IF CLAIM IS DECLINED
If the claimant has additional information, a rebuttal letter should
be sent to the examiner who declined the claim. The rebuttal letter should
clearly indicate why the claimant believes claim payment should be reconsidered
and include any evidence or documentation not previously submitted. Always
refer to the assigned claim number when corresponding with an examiner. When
communicating with Central Transport, send all correspondence to
firstname.lastname@example.org or the address shown here:
Attn: Claims Department
12225 Stephens RD
Warren, MI 48090
Prior to submitting your claim, be sure it includes the following information:
A. The claim must be in writing and specify a dollar
or determinable amount, reason for claim (loss or damage), pro number and date,
claimant name, and address. Do not submit more than one claim on each form.
B. The claim must be filed within nine (9) months from date of
delivery. However, early filing enhances our ability to process quickly. In the
event of nondelivery, within (9) months after a reasonable time for delivery
has elapsed. Limitations differ on shipments originating from Canada.
C. Documents which should be included with the claim:
Bill of Lading
Verification of paid freight charges
Complete Original Invoice showing all discounts
Repair Invoice (if applicable)
Weight of affected cargo
Inspection Report (self or joint 3rd party if damage claim is over $500)
Send claim via fax # (586) 467-1756, email – email@example.com or mail to:
Attn: Claims Department
12225 Stephens RD
Warren, MI 48090